Coaching the U8 Player

Characteristics of U 8 Players
Attention span is a bit longer than U-6 players but still not at a "competitive" stage.
Inclined towards small group activities.
Always in motion: scratching; blinking; jerking; rocking.
Easily bruised psychologically. They will remember negative comments for a long time.
Shout praise. Give "hints".
They want everybody to like them.
Developing physical confidence. (Most are able to ride a two-wheeler.)
Starting to imitate older players or sports heroes. Want the same "gear" as them.
Lack sense of pace. They go flat out until they drop.
Skeletal system growing rapidly. Often results in apparent lack of coordination.

•    and temperature regulation system is not developed. Cardiovascular Their heart rate peaks
      quickly and they overheat quickly. Make sure that they get adequate water breaks.
•    Limited understanding with personal evaluation. "If they try hard, they performed well”
      regardless of the actual performance. Thus, they need to be encouraged constantly, and asked      
      "Now, can you do this?"
Better at recognizing when the ball is out of play1 and remembering what goal they are going for... but in the heat of battle, they will sometimes still forget. They still find it difficult to really be aware of more than one thing at a time.

Involving the Parents of U-8s
It is imperative that coaches get the parents involved. Not only are they are a major resource for your
Team, but the U-8 player still views their parents as the most significant people in their lives. A pre¬season meeting should be held with the parents so that objectives and team policies can be
addressed. Some topics that you may want to address at this meeting are:
•    A means of contacting everyone without one person doing all of the calling. (Phone chains.)
•    Choosing a team administrator-someone to handle all of the details.
•    Complete all paperwork required by your league or club.
•    Discuss the laws of the game.
•    Carpool needs
•    Training and game schedules. How you feel about starting and ending on time, what your
       attendance expectations are, what you think is a good excuse to miss training.
•    What each player should bring to training: inflated ball, filled water bottle, soccer attire, shin
      guards (Cleats are not mandatory.)
•    Most importantly, your philosophy about coaching U-8 players. Let them know that everyone     
      plays; that the game does not look like the older player's games; that you are there to ensure
       that their player is safe and has a good time, as well as learn about soccer.
•    What your expectations for them are during game time. How do you want them to cheer? Do they know that they should not coach from the sidelines?
       Above all, try to enjoy yourself. If you do they probably will too.


Things You Can Expect from U-8s
The 6, 7, and 8-year-old players are a bit more compliant than their U-6 counterparts. They will be able to follow 2 or 3 step instructions and are starting to have a good understanding about what it means to play a "game". They are also starting to cooperate more with their teammates. In fact, they now will recognize that they even have teammates by the fact that they occasionally, and I mean occasionally, will pass the ball to a teammate, on purpose. Often, they will repeat. 'The phrase "I can't do that", but, will quickly run to you to show you that they can, even when they only think that they can. Some other things that you can expect to happen during a season with this age group are:

•    There will be at least 200-300 falls, but now they will usually pick themselves back up.
•    The puddle in front of the goal is still too tempting to resist.
•    Keep a spare pump in your bag, as the players usually do not realize that their ball is flat until they try to kick it, or the coach tells them that it is flat.
•    Some of the girls are a lot tougher than the boys.
•    They will still want to wear a pinnie, even when the color is identical 'to their shirt.
•    It will be impossible to remember who is whose best friend as you try to make up teams.
•    School conflicts will come up. Please, let them go (they must face their teachers five days a week).
•    They will wear their uniform to bed.

U-8 Coaching Rational
Some of the players that are playing as a 7 year old have had two years of soccer experience and thus have already touched the ball a few thousand times in their lives. This, however, does not mean that these players are ready for the mental demands of tactical team soccer. True, they do have some idea of the game, but the emphasis still needs to be placed on the individual's ability to control the ball with his/her body. They are still there to have fun, and because some of the players may be brand new to the sport, it is imperative that activities are geared towards individual success and participation. Following are some more items that a coach of U-8 players should consider.

•    Small-sided soccer is the best option for these players. Not only will they get more touches
       on the ball, but also, it is an easier game to understand.
•    Because of rapid growth spurts during this age, players will go through times when they seem to have lost control of their body. What they could easily do 2 weeks ago now seems unattainable. Be patient.
•    Passing is not an important part of their game, no matter how much anybody yells at them to do otherwise, it is much more fun to dribble and shoot. Let them.
•    Training once or twice a week is plenty, and should not last longer than 1 ¼ hours.
•    Each player should bring his or her own sizes #4 ball to training. Learning how to control it
       should be the main objective. They need to touch it, as many times as possible during fun
       activities that will engage them.
•    Challenge them to get better by practicing on their own. There is no rule which states that
       they can't learn by themselves, no matter how important we think we are.
•    Incidental things are important. They are forming the habits 'that will impact their future
       participation. Ask them to take care of their equipment (water bottle included), cooperate,
       listen, behave, and try hard. Realize, however, that they often forget and will need to be
       reminded often.

Ask them to work with others to solve a particular challenge. Start them with just one partner and work from there.
Typical U-8 Training Session
Here are some items that should be included in a U-8 training session:

WARM-UP: A brief warm-up is appropriate in order to get the players thinking about soccer and to prepare them physically for the time ahead. This should involve individual body activities that may or may not involve the ball. They can chase their ball as it is thrown by the coach, bringing it back with different parts of their body. Or, they can chase someone with their ball at their feet. Static stretching is also appropriate at this time, again, hopefully done with the ball. "Soccernastics" activities are very appropriate, like: dribbling the ball with the bottom of their feet, with their elbows, backwards, with the back of their neck while holding on to it; keeping the ball up with their thighs; keeping it up with their feet while sitting.

INDIVIDUAL OR SMALL GROUP ACTIVITIES: Follow the warm-up with some kind of individual activity, not a real 1v1 game, but some kind of activity where players act as individuals in a game environment. An example would be a kind of tag game, or a game where players are trying to work with a partner or small group to obtain a goal. Keep players in motion at all times. Avoid having them wait on lines. Play games of "inclusion" (where everyone plays), instead of games where the "loser sits". Be creative. These players like "crazy" games with a lot of action.

PLAY THE GAME: Small sided soccer can be used to heighten intensity and create some good competition. Play lv1 up to 5v5. Be creative. Play with 4 goals or 2 balls. Play with or without boundaries. Perhaps play to emphasize a particular skill (can only dribble the ball over a goal line in order to get a point). Use cones if you don't have real goals. Keep players involved. Have more than one game going on at a time if necessary. Switch teams often, give everyone a chance to win. Also, it is important that every player has a chance to shoot on goal as often as possible.

WARM-DOWN & HOMEWORK: Finish the session with a warm down. Give them some more stretches to do with the ball. You may want to review what you started the session with. Also, give them some homework so they practice on their own. Think of some ball trick that you would like to see them try to do, like, bounce it off their head, then thigh and then catch it. Can one player kick a ball to a partner and then back without it hitting the ground? It is important to finish on time. This is especially essential if the players are really into it. Stop at this point and you will get an enthusiastic return

Appropriate Training For U-8 Players
•    Math dribble. Each player with a ball dribbles, avoiding the other players. On direction from the coach, they form into groups such as "two", "2 + 1".
•    Players dribble the ball and stop with the body part the coach calls out. On restart, players change direction.
•    Players toss ball in 'the air and touch it before it hits the ground, then dribble four touches prior to tossing the ball in the air again.
•    Shadow dribble. In pairs, front player carries 'the ball and the other player follows while dribbling the ball. Roles are reversed.
•    Everybody's it. Each player with a ball. Players try to tag each other while dribbling.
•    PAC-man. One player with a ball and the other players in a designated space. The pac-man tries to tag the other players with the ball. As the other players are tagged, they get a ball and become PAC-men and join in.                       
•    "The Game” 4V4, two goals. Each player with a ball, dribbling. On direction from the coach, the players try to score on their own goal. Next the team that score their four goals first, wins. Next player with four balls total. Next, player with one ball.
U-' 8 Practice ideas
"GET EM"
Here is a game which involves both passing and dribbling that is fun and engages players quickly Also, although primarily an individual exercise that allows for differences in ability level, if the players are ready, it can quickly become a cooperative game where players work together to solve a challenge

THE GAME:
•    Each player will need a ball.
•    Player 'A' is "It" and is the only player to start with a ball. All the other players are around the outside of the girded space
•    Player 'A' dribbles and tries to hit the other players below the waist with the ball. When hit, that player gets a ball and joins player 'A'
•    The game is over when all of the players have been caught
•    The last player caught starts with the ball for the next game.
•    If you think the task will be too difficult for the one player to get another at the start of the game, start with 2 players being "it"
•    Encourage quick movements and sudden changes of direction to catch players off guard
•    Encourage deceptive passing of the ball: look one-way and pass the other, use the outside of the foot
•    Players not caught should run, jump, and use zigzag movements

"RUNNING BASES"
Here is another game that emphasizes dribbling that is fun and challenging for players. Again, primarily, it is an individual game that could lend itself to small group cooperation if the players are ready.

THE GAME
•    Each player will need a ball, except those that have been designated as "lit", Players that are "It" need to carry a colored pinnie or flag in their hand.
•    Players with a ball try to dribble without being tagged. If they are, they exchange places with the "tagger" (The "tagger" hands the pinnie to the dribbler and takes their ball).
•    Dribblers are safe in one of the designated bases. Only one player is allowed in a base at a time. If a new player enters a base, the old player must leave the base.
•    Add "taggers" when the players find the game to be easy
•    It seems about right to have one base for every 3 players, but, this number can be adjusted either way to make the game constantly interesting.
•    This game can also be played by only allowing the "tagger" to "get" someone by kicking his or her ball away, not just "tagging" the person.
•    Experiment with different combinations of "taggers" and bases to keep the players engaged.

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